Web-Safe by Juha van Ingen, 1999-2000

Web-Safe, HTML, 1999-2000


Web-Safe consists of 212 web pages which open one after an other in a endless loop. The pages don't contain any images or text. The only content is the background colour which is defined in the source code of each page and created by the web browser as the pages are viewed. The colours are from the so called Web-Safe palette and are in a hexadesimal order.

Issues such as collective decisions on how colours should be viewed, copyright, technological guidance and censorship were the starting points for making Web-Safe.

- colours

In Web-Safe the colours 00 33 FF, 33 00 FF, 00 FF 33 and 33 FF 00 are excluded from the 216 colour palette as testing reveals that Internet Explorer does not correctly render them on Windows (according to: Macromedia Using Dreamweaver 2 first edition 1998) The web-safe colour palette used in Web-Safe produces fairly consistent results on different platforms and with different browsers. The viewing experience may in some cases slightly vary according to the monitor settings, monitor model, lighting conditions, the viewers vision and the way the viewer understands colours.

- content

The contents of Web-Safe heve been tested to meet the standards of Internet Content Rating Association RSACI level 0 and can be viewed by minors without parental guidance.

- copyright

Web-Safe may not be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means electronic or mechanical including down loading, print-out, photocopying, recording or by on-line access or any information storage and retrieval system without permission in writing from copyright holder.

All rights reserved. Juha van Ingen 2000

- - - - - - - -

Web-Safe has been on several websites including Gallery Niclas Von Bartha online project, London (2002).

Web-Safe Re-Mix by Juha van Ingen, 2002

Web-Safe Re-Mix, 2002, Gallery Arka, Vilnius


The work on Web-Safe continued in 2002 when it was removed from its original excistance on the Internet and presented offline for a exhibition in Arka Gallery Vilnius. For the exhibition the browser window was divided into four frames each playing the 212 colour loop from a different point and the image was projected on to the gallery wall. The unplugged version was titled Web-Safe Re-Mix. Later some of the colour combinations produced by Re-Mix were also made into digital prints.

Web-Safe (Video colourscape) by Juha van Ingen, 2008

Web-Safe (Video colourscape), 2008, KIASMA


In the next version of Web-Safe it was transformed into video by re-creating the 212 colours in a video editing software using the RGB values of the web pages. The process produced some slight artefacts which contributed to the transformation of the artwork. The resulting loop was shown in six monitors each playing the video in a different speed. The order of the monitors was decided by rolling a dice. The installation titled: Web-Safe (Video Colourscape) was first exhibited in Kunsthalle, Helsinki in 2008 and after the exhibition aquired and exhibited by KIASMA.

A seven minute screening version starting from black and ending in white (each colour visible for two seconds) was shown for example in Anthology Film Archive, New York in 2011 and Oberhausen Shortfilm Festival in 2014.

In 2017 Web-Safe returns back to the Internet. It is deposited in the collection of Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art and is exhibited in ARS17+ Online Art as part of ARS17 Hello world! 31.03.2017 - 14.01.2018.